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2021-10-04 10:19
Bureau of Energy, Ministry of Economic Affairs

The 2021 Germany and Taiwan Energy Transition Forum Discusses Strategy for Carbon Neutrality

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The 2021 Germany and Taiwan – Energy Transition Forum Discusses Strategy for Carbon Neutrality
The "2021 Germany and Taiwan - Energy Transition Forum" cohosted by Bureau of Energy (BOE), MOEA, and German Institute Taipei, came to a close on August 10th. In addition to sharing both sides' energy transition experience, the forum also focused on the role played by energy transition in achieving carbon neutrality, offshore wind power development and hydrogen energy. According to BOE, Taiwan is assessing and planning the 2050 net-zero carbon emissions target and promotion strategy, and Germany's experience serves as great reference.

Since 2015, Germany and Taiwan have engaged in energy dialogues through the establishment of the energy transition forum, and signed the "Joint Declaration of Intent on Cooperation in the Field of Energy Transition" in 2016. In recent years, owing to Germany's experience and guidance, Taiwan has been able to promote energy transition with much success.

Director General Cheng-Wei Yu of BOE, Directorate-General Thorsten Herdan for Energy Policy, German Federal Ministry of Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi), and Director-General Dr. Jorg Polster of German Institute Taiwan, gave opening remarks at the forum, which invited nine energy experts from Germany and Taiwan for keynotes and dialogues, attracting a total of 44 participants from the industry, government, and academia to partake in the forum.

Renewable energy has already become Germany's primary source of electricity, and preliminary estimation in 2020 showed that the renewable power share had reached 41.5%. Germany's target is to reach 65% by 2030. The latest "EEG 2021" amendments focus on financial participation of municipalities, limitation of EEG levy, improved market and grid integration, and promotion scheme after expiry of promotion period, which are projected to expand the applications of onshore wind power and solar energy, while also enhancing the modernization and technological development of green hydrogen, smart grid, and wind power.

Germany has clearly set in "EEG" the target of becoming carbon neutral by 2050, and in the amended "Climate Action Law," the target has been moved up to 2045. The three pillars of Germany's achievement of net-zero target are energy conservation, green energy, and hydrogen energy. As of 2020, Germany's installed offshore wind power capacity has already reached 7.7GW, ranking third in the world. Germany has a complete value chain of the wind power sector; in addition to further setting an ambitious target of reaching 40GW of offshore wind power by 2040, the German government has also gained competitive advantage in the global market through strong domestic demand for wind power and advanced technology. In the area of hydrogen energy, Germany has established "green hydrogen" as the priority in the "National Hydrogen Strategy," and will actively establish its hydrogen energy market and related value chain.

According to BOE, Taiwan has been promoting energy transition since 2016, and focused on developing clean energy. Moreover, while ensuring stable supply of electricity, Taiwan strives for reduction of air pollution and enhancement of carbon emissions efficiency. In recent years, the idea of net-zero carbon emissions has gradually become global mainstream, and Taiwan can reference Germany's strategies and measures to achieve net-zero carbon emissions by using a wider range of new carbon reduction technology and economic tools, in addition to significantly increasing the share of renewable energy.

Lastly, BOE pointed out that, in response to the challenge of net-zero carbon emissions, the continued discussion and exchange at the energy transition forum will help Taiwan and Germany to find more opportunities of energy cooperation, signifying the vision of establishing low-carbon sustainable society shared by both Taiwan and Germany. BOE also looks forward for this dialogue platform to present more opportunities for the two sides to cooperate in the future.

Spokesperson for Bureau of Energy, Ministry of Economic Affairs: Deputy Director-General, Chun-Li Lee
Phone: 02-2775-7700
Mobile: 0936-250-838
Email: cllee@moea.gov.tw

Business Contact: Director, Ming-Chih Chuang
Phone: 02-2775-7710
Mobile: 0936-889-606
Email: mcchuang@moea.gov.tw